ASE A3 Manual Drive Train and Axles
16. Tooth contact compound is applied to the ring gear. The gear is then rotated four revolutions on the drive side and four on the coast side. The tooth contact pattern shown above indicates:
- A. The pinion depth should be increased.
- B. The pinion depth should be decreased.
- C. The ring gear backlash should be increased.
- D. An ideal ring gear tooth contact pattern.
Answer A is correct. The pattern indicates that the pinion depth should be increased. This increase would move the contact pattern closer to the bottom or root of the ring gear.
Answer B is wrong. When the tooth contact pattern is too close to the root of the ring gear, pinion depth should be decreased, moving the pinion away from the ring gear.
Answer C is wrong. Adjusting ring gear backlash moves the pattern from the outer end of the ring gear (heel) to the inner end of the ring gear (toe) and visa versa.
Answer D is wrong. An ideal ring gear tooth contact pattern is centered between the top and the bottom of the gear's teeth.
17. A five-speed manual transaxle is hard to shift, and gold-colored shavings are seen in the transmission fluid towards the end of the draining cycle. Which of the following is causing this condition?
- A. Chipped gear teeth.
- B. Worn synchronizer blocking rings.
- C. Casting Slag.
- D. Loose shift rails.
Answer A is wrong. Metal shavings from a gear's teeth appear like shiny metal or silver, not gold.
Answer B is correct. Worn blocking rings result in brass flakes in the pan seen in the fluid towards the end of the draining cycle.
Answer C is wrong. Aluminum pieces indicate transmission case damage or casting slag.
Answer D is wrong. A shift rail should slide easily in its bore without lateral up-and-down or side-to-side movement. Loose shift rails cause hard shifting but would not result in gold-colored flakes in the fluid.
18. The viscous clutch in an AWD vehicle has repeated failure. Which of the following is MOST likely causing this condition?
- A. An axle seal leak.
- B. Overfilled fluid.
- C. Worn universal joints.
- D. Different-sized tires.
Answer A is wrong. A leaking axle seal drains fluid into the brake unit.
Answer B is wrong. Overfilled fluid would not likely cause repeated failure.
Answer C is wrong. Universal joints cause a clunk when the transmission is placed into drive or reverse. They also cause driveline vibrations that increase with vehicle speed.
Answer D is correct. The viscous clutch allows for differences in axle rotation. The clutch is overworked when forced to compensate for different-sized tires or inflation.
19. The clutch on a manual transmission chatters when it's first engaged. All of the following would cause this clutch chatter EXCEPT:
- A. Contaminated disk friction material.
- B. A worn pressure plate.
- C. Chipped gear teeth.
- D. A worn flywheel.
Answer A is wrong. Clutch chatter is the initial shudder when a faulty clutch disk or component first engages.
Answer B is wrong. Pressure plates wear, and the springs become weak, resulting in chatter and slipping.
Answer C is correct. Inspect the gear’s teeth for chipping and excessive wear. Worn and rounded gear teeth cause a growling noise. This grinding or growling noise may be evident in all gears but is more pronounced when it’s the selected gear.
Answer D is wrong. A worn or warped pressure plate results in clutch chatter. As the assembly turns, the clutch disc grabs and releases the flywheel and pressure plate.
20. A manual transmission has a growling sound that gets louder in second gear. Technician A says the second gear has a chipped tooth. Technician B says the synchronizer's blocking rings are rounded. Who is correct?
- A. Technician A
- B. Technician B
- C. Both A and B
- D. Neither A or B
Answer A is correct. Chipped and rounded gear teeth cause a growling or grinding noise. This noise may be evident in all gears but is more pronounced when it's the selected gear.
Answer B is wrong. Today's transmission contains synchronizers that slide on the main shaft and over the selected gear's dog teeth to match the shaft and gear's speed before complete engagement.
Answer C is wrong. This noise may be evident in all gears but is more pronounced when it's shifted into second gear.
Answer D is wrong. Today's transmission remains in constant mesh. Synchronizers dramatically reduce the chance of breaking and chipping the gear's teeth.