Most fuel filters contain a paper cartridge that removes sediments like dirt and rust from the fuel. They can be located at the bottom of the tank on the base of the fuel pump or inline to the fuel rail like the filter in the illustration.
Proper fuel pressure is vital for engine operation and performance. Low fuel pressure results in a lack of horsepower, stalling, and a slow or no-start condition. A faulty fuel pump or a clogged fuel filter results in lower than normal fuel pressure at the rail.
Fuel injectors have small orifices that are easily clogged. Fuel filters save injectors from debris and are replaced at recommended intervals. Inline filters are located in the fuel line between the tank and the engine’s fuel rail. They are fasted with clips or flare nuts at each end. The arrow on the case points in the direction of flow, towards the engine.