Caster and Camber Angles
Camber is the angle or tilt of the tire viewed from the front or rear of the vehicle. A vehicle’s camber effects tire wear and stability. The camber angle is measured in degrees. A zero camber setting is best for going in a straight line. A negative camber angle will result in tire wear on the inside of the tire. Positive camber results in tire wear on the outside tread of the tire. A vehicle will pull to the side with the most positive camber.
Caster is viewed from the side of the vehicle. It’s the forward or rearward tilt of the steering axis. Positive caster is used to provide steering wheel returnability and greater stability. Negative caster is rare and typically used on heavy duty applications.
Camber affects the vehicle's stability. There are several different methods to adjust camber. It all depends on the type of vehicle and the steering and suspension system design. Front wheel drive vehicles typically use a rack and pinion gear. Most of these vehicles do not all have camber adjustments. Aftermarket products are sometimes used if a rare camber adjustment is necessary. Some vehicles utilize an upper strut mount that has slots to adjust the camber accordingly. Others use an eccentric bolt and cam that when rotated, moves the top of the tire inward and outward, adjusting the camber angle. Adjusting the camber angle on a vehicle will affect the total toe. Check and adjust toe after adjusting the camber or caster angle.