Soldering Automotive Wiring
Damaged wiring can be soldered to complete or repair an automotive electrical circuit. The broken wires can be repaired without replacing the entire harness or section. Use rosin core solder because the center contains flux; this flux cleans the surface of the wire to be soldered. Solder is often a combination of alloys mixed together. The type that’s most often used with automotive applications is 60/40; containing 60% tin and 40% lead. This solder melts at about 370° F. It’s vital to use a soldering iron capable of bringing the wire up to temperature quickly.
Tin the tip of the iron and then clean it with a sponge before heating the wire. Apply a little solder to the tip before applying heat to the twisted wires. Heat the wires so they are hot enough to melt the solder, then apply the solder to the twisted wires, not the tip of the iron. Applying the solder to the iron tip may be tempting because it's fast, but will only lead to a cold solder joint.
A cold solder joint is brittle and porous, resulting in excessive resistance in the joint and circuit being repaired. This can also happen by moving one of the parts before the solder has hardened. The solder should flow into and around the twisted wires. Use shrink wrap that contains an adhesive on the inside and be careful not to overheat. Shrink wrap can be heated with a heat drier, the tip of the iron, a torch or lighter.