ASE A1 Engine Repair Practice Test

26. Technician A says camshaft duration is the distance the camshaft's lobe lifts the valve off the valve seat and into the cylinder. Technician B says valve overlap occurs when the intake and exhaust valves remain open at the same time. Who is correct?

  • A. Technician A
  • B. Technician B
  • C. Both A and B
  • D. Neither A or B

26.

Answer A is wrong. Camshaft duration, lift, and overlap are factors that contribute to valve timing and, ultimately, engine performance. Duration refers to time; it affects the valve's opening and closing, and how long the valve stays open. It's measured in degrees of crankshaft rotation.

Answer B is correct. As the engine cycles, there's a time when the intake and exhaust valves remain open at the same time (valve overlap). Valve overlap is an essential function in valve timing.

Answer C is wrong. The exhaust gases flowing through the exhaust valve and manifold help draw the fresh air-fuel charge through the intake valve and into the combustion chamber. This timing is a good thing and known as valve overlap.

Answer D is wrong. Measure from the nose to the heel of the cam lobe with an outside micrometer, and then deduct the base circle. This results in an accurate measurement of the cam lobe lift.

27. A vehicle is emitting black-colored exhaust. Which of the following is causing this condition?

  • A. Oil is burning in the combustion chamber.
  • B. Coolant is burning in the combustion chamber.
  • C. There is too much fuel in the combustion chamber.
  • D. There is too much air in the combustion chamber.

27.

Answer A is wrong. Excess oil in the combustion chamber results in blue/gray smoke.

Answer B is wrong. Excess coolant in the combustion chamber results in white smoke.

Answer C is correct. Excess fuel in the combustion chamber results in black smoke. When an engine is running rich, too much fuel is entering the combustion chamber. This rich air-fuel ratio results in high HC's and black sooty deposits around the tailpipe.

Answer D is wrong. Excess air in the combustion chamber results in a lean fuel condition.

28. A piston's top ring groove gap is too wide. The technician would MOST likely:

  • A. Replace the piston.
  • B. Use oversized rings to repair this piston.
  • C. Use a ring groove cleaner to repair the grooves.
  • D. Use a tapered ring set to repair this piston.

28.

Answer A is correct. If this reading is too much and the gap is too large, replace the damaged piston. The top ring takes the most compression. It causes the ring to slap against and wear the lands in the piston groove.

Answer B is wrong. Installing a larger piston ring would not repair this condition.

Answer C is wrong. Remove carbon from the ring grooves before measurements are taken.

Answer D is wrong. Many manufacturers install tapered rings on their pistons. They must be installed in the groove correctly, typically with the dot facing up. Check with the manufacturer's specifications before installing piston rings.

29. A vehicle has a strong sulfur odor emitting from its tailpipe. The MOST likely cause of this condition is:

  • A. A vacuum leak.
  • B. A faulty head gasket.
  • C. Worn piston rings.
  • D. A rich air-fuel ratio.

29.

Answer A is wrong. A vacuum leak results in a lean air-fuel ratio.

Answer B is wrong. A leaking head gasket results in coolant leaking into the combustion chamber. The vehicle would likely emit white-colored exhaust from its tailpipe.

Answer C is wrong. Worn piston rings result in blue-gray exhaust emitting from the tailpipe.

Answer D is correct. A rich air-fuel ratio results in a sulfur odor at the vehicle's tailpipe.

30. A 12-volt automotive battery is being tested. Technician A says the battery's specific gravity is an indicator of its current state of charge. Technician B says the if the battery's voltage falls below 9.6 volts at 70° F, it has failed the battery capacity test. Who is correct?

  • A. Technician A
  • B. Technician B
  • C. Both A and B
  • D. Neither A or B

30.

Answer A is wrong. A specific gravity test determines the weight of a certain volume of liquid divided by an equal amount of water. A fully charged automotive battery has a specific gravity of 1.265.

Answer B is wrong. The discharge rate is one-half of the battery's cold-cranking rating. Apply this load to the battery for 15 seconds. The battery's voltage must remain above 9.6 volts at 70° F.

Answer C is correct. Both technicians are correct.

Answer D is wrong. The specific gravity of a battery is a good indication of its state of charge. Use a hydrometer and adjust to temperature by adding .004 for every ten degrees above 80° F and subtracting .004 for every 10° below 80° F.