Engine Block Repair
Most cast iron engine block repairs are done using metal stitching or pinning. Welding an engine block can be difficult due to high temperatures and special procedures implemented by professional welders. This task is most often performed by a professional welder or someone with the appropriate skill set. There are easier and safer ways to repair cracks.
Pinning is a simple and effective way to repair iron engine blocks. It’s used to repair small and large cracks in cast iron cylinder heads and blocks. These pinning kits use a bolt of the same material as the head or block being repaired. This is typically iron. Here's how:
1. Always start at the ends of each crack. If it’s long, take a punch and peen the crack at the ends.
2. Drill a hole at one of the ends using a bit that matches the bolt. These cracks usually reach all the way into a coolant or oil jacket. Be sure to drill deep enough to repair this leak.
3. Ream a ridge around the bolt hole before inserting the bolt. These pinning kits will have the proper tap, if not use a tap from your set.
4. Apply the thread lock or sealer provided in the kit and torque the bolt.
5. Grind or cut the bolt close to the surface and then peen the bolt again with a punch and hammer.
6. Smooth the bolt even with the surface.
Engine pinning is done using a drill, tap, bolt, and a grinder. Some kits include a glue or epoxy to finish the bond. This method draws the two sides together creating an almost undetectable repair. Follow any special procedures outlined in the kit your'e using.