Alternator: Maximum Output Testing
Clamp the amperage meter around the BAT+ wire leading from the alternator to the battery. Bring the vehicle to a fast idle of around 2000 rpm and turn on accessories like the headlights, A/C blower motor, etc. Apply a load the charging system to produce maximum output because the alternator is regulated and provides only the amount of amperage for current system demands. Turning on accessories or applying a load increases the system’s demand for amperage.
While the engine is running, the alternator provides the power to run everything; the engine and all accessories. The battery is used for starting. If there is any power left over, the alternator charges the battery.
Voltage/amperage testers have a load dial. Turning on accessories will allow the alternator’s regulator to provide maximum output. Some of today's testers clamp on to the battery terminals and run battery and alternator ripple tests as they conveniently guide the technician through steps, like turning on the headlights and increasing engine speed. They also provide a print out for future reference.